James Brown was an alternative both to the violent gang culture of the Bronx and to the nascent popularity of disco in the 1970s. Campbell began to isolate the instrumental portion of the record, which emphasised the drum beat—the “break”—and switch from one break to another.
Using the same two turntable set-up of disco DJs, Campbell used two
copies of the same record to elongate the break. This breakbeat DJing,
using hard funk and records with Latin percussion, formed the basis of
Hip Hop music. Campbell’s announcements and exhortations to dancers
helped lead to the syncopated, rhymed spoken accompaniment now known as
rapping. He called his dancers “break-boys” and “break-girls”, or simply
b-boys and b-girls. Campbell’s DJ style was quickly taken up by figures
such as Afrika Bambaataa and Grandmaster Flash. Unlike them, he never made the move into commercially recorded Hip Hop in its earliest years.
Foe more on Hip Hop History visit http://todayinhiphophistory.com/2015/04/16/april-16-1955-born-day-dj-kool-herc/